When my kid was 1.7 years, I heard about the word “Montessori education”. I do a little research on that type of education, Viola, I got more interest in the Montessori type of education. I was on a firm decision that my kid doesn’t want that mug up the style of education, so planned for an alternate education and I end up with Montessori education.
The education of even a small child, therefore, does not aim at preparing him for school but for life
The above quote itself proved what is Montessori education. Let me explain in detail, what I learned, heard, and read.
Dr.Maria Montessori is an Italian physician, who founded Montessori education. She is the educator, writes on scientific Pedagogy. Montessori education is based on the child’s inner intuition towards learning.
Montessori education focusses on a child’s learning through a prepared environment where they are given the freedom (within limit) to chose their work in order they will develop independence, concentration, order, sense of development, and self-esteem.
To explain the above definition in simple words, if we prepare the environment for learning, kids will choose what to learn based on their interests, so that they will be concentrated and have self-esteem.
For example, if you keep three trays one for maths, one for language, and the last for art, the child will choose the tray based on their interest. Automatically, if they choose the work based on their interests, the concentration will remain. If they have done the work, their confidence will get self-activated.
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Principles of Montessori:
Do you wonder how children crawl, walk, talk? This the period where they get stimuli and perform the task. A period where the child learns effortlessly to the particular environmental stimuli. This is called a sensitive period. Montessori defines a sensitive period of a child from birth to six years.
|Birth to 1 year||Movement|
|Birth to 6 years||Language|
|Birth to 6 years||Mathematics|
|1 to 4 years||Small objects|
|2 to 4 years||Order|
|2 to 6 years||Grace and Courtesy|
|2 to 6 years||Sense concentration|
|2 to 6 years||Music|
|3 to 4 years||Writing|
|3 to 5 years||Reading|
|4 to 6 years||Spatial relationship|
During this period child will have more interest in that activity so that we should create an environment for that particular stimuli. The sensitive periods last for a particular time only.
Education is not the teacher gives: education is a natural process spontaneously carried out by the human individual. It is acquired not by listening to words,but by experiences upon the environment.
-The Absorbent Mind,Maria Montessori
The above quote explains what is the absorbent mind. Children from birth to age 6 is like a sponge. They can learn quickly or absorb everything without much effort. But as parents, we shouldn’t force them, rather we should create an environment for them to grow and learn. Children will self choose, engage, and learn from the prepared environment.
Follow the child:
Follow your child in which they are interested. Observe silently about your child, what she or he is doing. From their play, you can identify what they are interested in. If they are interested in tearing the paper, just give them the waste paper and scissors. while 2 years, my kid always says thank you to me, whatever I say and he will keep on saying till I reply no mention or thank you, so it is inferred that, it’s his sensitive period for grace and courtesy.
Respect the Child:
Giving respect to children is one important aspect of Montessori. Treat them as an equal human. As a parent, we should give them love and guide them, but should not be the dominator. Children imitate us, so we should be careful in our behavior and words. We should be a definitely good role model for our kids.
One of the main principles of Montessori education is freedom. Children should give freedom within limits. They should give the freedom to choose their work and allow them to explore.
Prepare the environment for a child to grow. Children will learn from their environment. As I said earlier, how children speak in their native language without teaching? From their environment, they are picking up the words. So prepare the environment. No costly toys are needed for preparing the environment. Montessori is not costly, always Less is more in Montessori philosophy. Organize everything it creates order for kids to grow. Keep some books to read in one space. keep a minimum of toys. Rotate the toys. Keep everything natural materials. A bit of plastic is OK.
Kids can learn using concrete materials till the age of 6 and then they move to abstract learning. Concrete learning is hands-on learning with materials. For example, In math there are materials, so that hands-on activities are happening. In English, there are movable alphabets, object box to learn alphabets and words.
Control of Error:
In Montessori education children will auto-correct themselves while learning. It offers a way to check for the results. The control of error can be a card with solutions in it. for example, In practical life skills, they will be given a towel along with water for liquid transferring activity, if they spill, they will auto-correct themselves by cleaning the spill with a towel.
Check out here for how we celebrate Ganesh chathurthi indian festival Montessori way.
So explore Montessori education and follow the Montessori principle at home. Children will grow as humans both in EQ and IQ. To know more about Montessori, click here.
If you wanna know basic Montessori, I would refer to this book.
To start Montessori in the home for toddlers or preschoolers, I would refer this books
Maria Montessori book for deeper knowledge about Montessori
Hi, I’m Ranjitha Venkatesan, Biotechnology research analyst Momma turned into Montessori Momma where I exchange my knowledge and experience on Montessori principles to parents who are interested in Montessori education. I share my Montessori knowledge through printables, book recommendations, and DIY. I love to help homeschool moms who are interested in raising their kids through Montessori education in a mindful way.